Hannibal Barca

迦太基 Carthage / Carthaginian (221–202 BC)


  • Hannibal has only about max 40,000 army departing from Spain
  • But he got a lot of tribes and enemies of Rome to join him along the way to Italy
  • Hannibal had also navy raiding Rome
  • Hannibal’s tactic of flanking the enemy is just too great
  • Hannibal needed only half year to reach center Italy
  • Why Hannibal didn’t attack Rome? He was only 130km away from Rome, with his 50,000 troops
  • Hannibal occupied most of southern Italy for 15 years, but could not win a decisive victory, as the Romans led by Fabius Maximus avoided confrontation with him
  • A counter-invasion of North Africa led by Scipio Africanus forced him to return to Carthage. Scipio eventually defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama, having previously driven Hannibal’s brother Hasdrubal out of the Iberian Peninsula.